Kuli kajalaɣ caŋa
Frankenturm, erbaut 1350, Warburg

Kulukulu kuduyuu kɛ sakɩyɛ n̄aɖaɣna yaʋ yaa ha hɩɖɛ size tilimiye yaa tɔlʋʋ kuduyuu. Tilimiye yaa kulukulu kuduyuu kɛna kuduyuu sɔsɔʋ ŋgʋ kʋkʋyɩ siŋŋ yɔ. Kɩkɛ kuduyuu ŋgʋ kɩɖaɣla siŋŋ yɔ. Kuduyuu sɔsɔʋ kʋnɛ, pɩtɔpɔzɩ size pamaɣzɩ-kʋ yaa pɛkɛdɩ-kʋ nɛ kuduyuu sɔsɔʋ ŋgʋ kʋkʋ payaɣna-kʋ nɛ Fransɩɩ kʊnʊŋ taa size "échauguette" yɔ.

Tilimiye kuduyuu yaa kulukulu kuduyuu sɔsɔʋ kʋnɛ, kɩɖaɣla pɩkɩlɩ kɩwalanzɩ. Pʋ-tɔbʋʋ size pama-kʋ ɖalakɩŋ yɔɔ siŋŋ, ɛlɛ kɩtatii walʋʋ kpoyii. Tilima yaa kulukulu kuduyuŋ ɛnɛ papaza ɛmatʋʋ ɖoo kiɖe tɛɛ yaa ɖoo ɖeɖe tɔm kpɛlɛkɩtʋ alɩwaatʋ taa. Pɩkɛ kuduyuŋ weyi ɛɛwɛ nɛ pɔcɔ canaɔ tɛ alɩwaatʋ tɔm talɩʋʋ.

Canton_pagoda_de_las_flores, Guangzhou

Ɖɩcɔnaɣ yaa ɖɩmaɣzʋʋ camɩyɛ kɔyɔ, ɖɩtɩlɩʋ size, kulukulu yaa tilima kuduyuŋ sɔsɔ kɩbɩŋ weyi halɩ nɛ sɔnɔ pɔɖɔnɩ-ɩ maʋ yɔ, sakɩyɛ taɣ wɛ mbʋ payaɣna fransɩ kʋnʋŋ taa size, "brochs" waa yɔ. Pɩtɛ kuduyuŋ matʋ ndʋ, pama-tʋ n̄ɩɣtʋ pɩnaɣ yaa wɛɛ taa kɛ pɩnzɩ kudokiŋ hiŋ naalɛ nɛ taŋga (25 000) n̄ɩŋga nɛ kudokiŋ naadozo (3 000) n̄ɩŋga taa kɛ mbɩ yɔ.

Kulukulu yaa tilima kuduyuŋ sɔsɔʋ kɩpɩŋ ɛnɛ, pana-ɩ sakɩyɛ kɛ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ payaɣ-ɖɩ size Écosse nɛ ɖi-hayuu kiŋ hɔɔlʋʋ taa nɛ ajɛɛ cikpena wena paya alɛ size Orcades yɔ a-taa ɖɔɖɔ. Ɖoo kɩbɩŋjaazɩ yaa canaʋ alɩwaatʋ taa lɛ, ajɛɛ anɛɛ yɔ Azii ɛjaɖɛ mba, nɛ krɛsɩ ɛjaɖɛ mba, nɛ pɩtasɩna Phéniciens ɛjaɖɛ mba nɛ Étrusques ɛjaɖɛ taa mba, mawaa kulukulu yaa tilima kuduyuŋ sɔsɔŋ nɛ pɔsɔzɩ yaa patasɩ ɖoŋ kɛ tɛtʋ sɔsɔtʋ (villes) taa kolonzɩ yaa kamanaŋ nɛ kuduyuŋ sɔsɔŋ.

Kobe crystal tower

Ɖakpaɣ ɛzɩ-ɩ tilima yaa kulukulu kuduyuŋ wondu lona kɔyɔ, ɖɩnaɣ size, ɖɩnaɣyɛ tɛtʋ ndʋ payaɣ-tʋ size "Mogador" yɔ tɩ-taa. Wondu ndʋ tɩ-pɩnzɩ ɖɔɔ siŋŋ yaa leɖa siŋŋ, mbʋ yɔ tɩkɛ kɔɔnaɣ yaa kajalaɣ kpaɖʋ taa nɛ ɖɛŋgʋ kʋnɛ kɩtalʋʋ. Wondu ndʋ, tɩɖɩlɩyɛ kiɖe yaa loniye kɛlɛ ɛjaɖɛ nɖɩ paya-ɖɩ size phénicienne yaa carthaginoise ɖɩ-taa. Ɖomuu yaa Roma mba maa tilima yaa kulukulu kuduyuŋ nɛ ɛwɛʋ ɛzɩ-ɩ payaʋ size kʋlɔmɩŋ lutoozo tʋ tɩyɛ yɔ (octogonales). Pɩtɛ kuduyuŋ kɛ wɛɛ awiyaa ɖɩsɩ yɔ. Pama sɔsɔʋ nakʋyʋ pɛtɛ nɛ paya-kʋ size Dioclétien tɛ ɖaɣ.