Ñɔɔzɩtʋ hɛkʋ taa tʋkaɣ

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(Nouvel article intitulé "Ɛsɔdaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ")
 
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Ɛsɔdaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ
Ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ kɛna wonuu ŋgʊ kɩkʊyʊ ɛsɔtaa heelim taa yɔ. Mootɛɛɖɩ nakʊyʊ hɔŋna-ɖɩ nɛ ɖɩɖɛʊ ɛsɔtaa. Alɩwaatʊ ndʊ paɖʊ miŋ camɩyɛ yɔ, pɩtɛ alɩwaatʊ kɛ ɛyʊ pɩzɩɣ ɛna mbʊ pɩɖɔŋ yɔ: kɩkʊyʊ, kɩɖɛɣ yaa kɩɩsɩŋgʊ yɔ, pɔyɔɔdʊ se ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ wɛ “voilure tournante” taa. Ɛsɔtaaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ nɖɩ ɖɩwɛna mbʊ pɩpɩzɩɣ pɩsɩna-ɖɩ nɛ ɖɩkʊyɩ ɛsɔtaa nɛ ɖɩtɩɩ ɖɩcɑɣ lɩm yɔɔ nɛ pɩlɩkɩ-ɖɩ yɔ, payaɣ-ɖɩ se “hydravion”.Ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖa nayɛ wɛɛ nɛ ɛyʊ pɩzɩɣ ɛcaɣ a-taa nɛ pɩɖɛnayɩ ɛsɔtaa tɩɩɩ nɛ ɛpɩzɩɣ etii ɖɔɖɔ tataa ɖɔɖɔ. Alɛ lɛ, awɛna pɔbɔla ɛzɩ “skis” naa ñɩna yɔ nɛ payaɣ-yɛ se “Parapentes” waa. Weyi ɛsaɣ ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ yɔ, payaɣ-ɩ se “pilote” yaa “aviateur”; pɩkɛ halʊ kɔyɔ, payaɣ ɛlɛ se “aviatrie”.
[[File:20130501 JTA276 JA8597.jpg|thumb|20130501 JTA276 JA8597|Ɛsɔdaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ]]
 
Latin kʊnʊŋ taa lɛ payaɣ se “aviation” yɔ, pʊtɔbʊ se “sɩmaɣ lakaɣ”. Pɩnaɣ 1863 kɛ Gabriel de La Landelle calɩ tɔmbiye nɖɩ lɩzɩɣ. Tɔmbiye ɖɩnɛ ɖɩwɛ takayaɣŋga payɣ se “Aviation ou navigation sans ballon” yɔ ka-taa. Ka-taa lɛ, pɔyɔɔdɩɣ Jean-Marie Le Bris tɛ ɛsɔtaa kʊyʊʊ tɔm. Ɛɛcaɣ anasayɩ ñɩyʊ nakʊyʊ taa nɛ kɩɩkɩlɩ helim kɛ yʊŋ nɛ ɛkʊyɩ ɛsɔtaa tɩɩɩ nɛ ɛɖɛɛ.
 
Pɩnaɣ 1875 kɛ Clément Ader lɩzɑ tɔmbiye nɖɩ payaɣ se “Ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ” yɔ se ɛkɛdɩna wonuu ŋgʊ kɩpɩzɩɣ nɛ kʊkʊyɩ ɛsɔtaa yɔ. Kpaabgaa mbʊ lɛ elu ñɩɩyʊʊ nakʊyʊ kɛ pɩnaɣ 1890 kɛ aloma fenaɣ 9 ñɩŋgʊ wiye nɛ ɛyaa-kʊ se “Eole” nɛ ɛkʊyɩna-kʊ ɛzɩ mɛta naa nɩɩnɩwa ɛsɔtaa nɛ pɩcɔ etii. Ɛ-hama lakasɩ nzɩ, sɩmaɣna eɖeke, eteyele se nɔɔyʊ ɛtɩlɩ-sɩ; mbʊ pɩyɔɔ yɔ, pɩɩkɛna mɛɛsaɣ tɛɛ tɔm ntʊ tɩhʊzaɣ peeɖe tɛ sɔɔjanaa yɔɔ yɔ.
Clément Ader ñaɣ pana nɛ ɛtasɩ ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ naatozo ñɩnɖɛ lʊbʊ aloma fenaɣ 14 ŋga pɩaɣ 1903. Ɛsɔtaa lɔɔɖɩyɛ ɖɩnɛ, ɖɩɖɩ ñapɩzɩɣ ɖɩkʊyɩ ɛsɔtaa ɛzɩ mɛta naa 300 yɔ.
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